shiitake mushroom

shiitake

PRIMARY MICRO NUTRIENTS Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium, Manganese, Copper, Zinc and Vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6
SECONDARY MICRO NUTRIENTS Iron, Magnesium and Folate
NUTRITIONAL HIGHLIGHTS and NOTES
  • Stimulates natural killer cell activity to combat Cancer, fatigue syndrome, and common infections such as colds
  • Prevents high blood pressure and heart disease, controls cholesterol, builds resistance to viruses and fights cancer and other diseases
FUNCTIONAL BENEFITS
  • Lentinan sugars
    • Structurally analagous to helix of DNA causing it to be healing, especially for hepatitis and HIV / AIDS
    • Immune boosting and assists to fight infection and disease
PHYTONUTRIENTS
  • Cholesterol lowering due to eritadenine compound
  • Polysaccharide lentinan has anti-cancer effects but it is poorly absorbed from food for anti-cancer uses
DANGERS
  • Contains chemical that causes bladder cancer and should be avoided if have this condition
  • Chemical treatment whilst growing – buy organic
  • Moderate oxalates (calcium absorption and kidney stones)
  • Significant source of purines (broken down to form uric acid that can lead to excess uric acid and kidney problems)
  • Excess can cause diarrhea, bloating
  • Allergy food – may cause skin rashes
RDA Mushroom Shiitake
Nutrient Unit per 100g
g 3700 89.74 2.4%
Energy kcal 2600 34 1.3%
Protein g 90 2.24 2.5%
Total lipid (fat) g 87 0.49 0.6%
Carbohydrate, by difference g 224 6.79 3.0%
Fiber, total dietary g 38 2.5 6.6%
Sugars, total g 2.38
Minerals
Calcium, Ca mg 1000 2 0.2%
Iron, Fe mg 8 0.41 5.1%
Magnesium, Mg mg 420 20 4.8%
Phosphorus, P mg 700 112 16.0%
Potassium, K mg 470 304 64.7%
Sodium, Na mg 9
Zinc, Zn mg 11 1.03 9.4%
Copper, Cu mg 0.9 0.142 15.8%
Manganese, Mn mg 2.3 0.23 10.0%
Selenium, Se µg 55 5.7 10.4%
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 90 0.0%
Thiamin mg 1.2 0.015 1.3%
Riboflavin mg 1.3 0.217 16.7%
Niacin mg 16 3.877 24.2%
Pantothenic acid mg 5 1.5 30.0%
Vitamin B-6 mg 1.7 0.293 17.2%
Folate, total µg 400 13 3.3%
Choline, total mg
Betaine mg
Vitamin B-12 µg 2.4 0.0%
Vitamin A, IU IU 5000 0.0%
Vitamin E, total mg 15 0 0.0%
Vitamin D IU 600 18 3.0%
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 120 0.0%

RDA – Recommended Dietary Amount recommendations are based upon calculations for a 40 year old very active man that I have adapted from USDA’s Dietary Intake Guidelines. Using this link you can make your own calculations

Adapted from:

Balch, P.A. (2002). Prescription for herbal healing. New York, NY: Avery books

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

USDA food database: http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/

Other information sources:

World’s Healthiest Foods – an excellent online food and nutrition encyclopedia

Self Nutrition Data: an online nutrient breakdown of foods

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