maitake mushroom

maitake-mushrooms

PRIMARY MICRO NUTRIENTS Vitamin D, Potassium, Copper, and Vitamins B1, B2, B3
SECONDARY MICRO NUTRIENTS Zinc, Selenium, Vitamin B5 and Folate
NUTRITIONAL HIGHLIGHTS and NOTES
  • Significant source of Vitamin D
  • Good dietary absorption of anti-cancer compounds when eaten in food
  • Adaptogenic and significantly boosts immune system and builds immune reserves
  • Hepaprotective
  • May lower blood glucose and blood pressure
FUNCTIONAL BENEFITS  Anti-cancer:

  • Provides cellular protection from becoming cancerous
  • Enhances immune ability to seek out and destroy cancer cells
  • Helps cancer cells regain control of cell division and programmed cell death (apoptosis)
  • Helps prevent spreading of cancer (metastasis
  • Helps treat cancer patients and reduce side effects of chemotherapy
PHYTONUTRIENTS
  • Polysaccharides shown to fight formation and growth of cancer tumors
  • Immune enhancing betaglucans
    • Bind to receptors on the outer membranes of macrophages and other White Blood Cells (WBCs), including natural killer cells and cytotoxic T cells (especially important in preventing and fighting cancer because they attack tumor cells directly)
    • Excite WBCs triggering chain reaction leading to increased immune activity – increased ability of macrophages to engulf and destroy cancer cells, microbes and other antigens (nb binding of macrophages stimulates production of signally proteins such as interleukin-1, interleukin-2 and lymphokines that stimulate immune cells, leading to enhanced immune activity)
    • Stimulates production of WBCs in bone marrow
DANGERS
  • Chemical treatment whilst growing – buy organic
  • Moderate oxalates (calcium absorption and kidney stones)
  • Significant source of purines (broken down to form uric acid that can lead to excess uric acid and kidney problems)
  • Excess can cause diarrhea, bloating
  • Allergy food – may cause skin rashes
RDA Mushroom Maitake
Nutrient Unit per 100g
g 3700 90.37 2.4%
Energy kcal 2600 31 1.2%
Protein g 90 1.94 2.2%
Total lipid (fat) g 87 0.19 0.2%
Carbohydrate, by difference g 224 6.97 3.1%
Fiber, total dietary g 38 2.7 7.1%
Sugars, total g 2.07
Minerals
Calcium, Ca mg 1000 1 0.1%
Iron, Fe mg 8 0.3 3.8%
Magnesium, Mg mg 420 10 2.4%
Phosphorus, P mg 700 74 10.6%
Potassium, K mg 470 204 43.4%
Sodium, Na mg 1
Zinc, Zn mg 11 0.75 6.8%
Copper, Cu mg 0.9 0.252 28.0%
Manganese, Mn mg 2.3 0.059 2.6%
Selenium, Se µg 55 2.2 4.0%
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid mg 90 0 0.0%
Thiamin mg 1.2 0.146 12.2%
Riboflavin mg 1.3 0.242 18.6%
Niacin mg 16 6.585 41.2%
Pantothenic acid mg 5 0.27 5.4%
Vitamin B-6 mg 1.7 0.056 3.3%
Folate, total µg 400 21 5.3%
Choline, total mg 51.1
Betaine mg
Vitamin B-12 µg 2.4 0 0.0%
Vitamin A, IU IU 5000 0 0.0%
Vitamin E, total mg 15 0.01 0.1%
Vitamin D IU 600 1123 187.2%
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) µg 120 0 0.0%

RDA – Recommended Dietary Amount recommendations are based upon calculations for a 40 year old very active man that I have adapted from USDA’s Dietary Intake Guidelines. Using this link you can make your own calculations

Adapted from:

Balch, P.A. (2002). Prescription for herbal healing. New York, NY: Avery books

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

USDA food database: http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/

Other information sources:

World’s Healthiest Foods – an excellent online food and nutrition encyclopedia

Self Nutrition Data: an online nutrient breakdown of foods

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