reishi mushroom

reishi-mushroom-2

Part used Mushroom
Use 2 oz to 32 oz water decoct 4 hours
Benefits
  • Immuno-modulator – up and down regulates immune function
    • Immune enhancing Triterpenes treat viral infections
  • Improves cardiovascular function
  • Adaptogenic qualities are cumulative and mild – improves adrenocortial function and relieves stress
  • Premier longevity herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine – nourishes shen and reduces anxiety, insomnia, moodiness, poor memory and listlessness
Dangers
  • Cannot be eaten
  • Advisable to take a one month break from continual daily intake every 3 months, then resume
  • Chemical treatment whilst growing – buy organic
  • Moderate oxalates (calcium absorption and kidney stones)
  • Significant source of purines (broken down to form uric acid that can lead to excess uric acid and kidney problems)
  • Excess can cause diarrhea, bloating
  • Allergy food – may cause skin rashes

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress relief. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press

Balch, P.A. (2002). Prescription for herbal healing. New York, NY: Avery books

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

ashwagandha

ashwagan

Part used Root
Use 1/2 tsp dried root in 8oz water decoct 10 mins and steep 1/2 hour; effects take a week of daily use to become effective
Benefits
  • Calming adaptogen
    • Rejuvenating, balancing, strengthening to nervous system, relieves fatigue, nervous exhaustion, and memory loss
    • Treats anxiety, fatigue, cloudy thinking, nervous exhaustion
  • Anti-Alzheimer’s – modifies way brain uses acetylcholine when brain oxygen is low – prevents canabilisation of brain cells which cause neurofibrillary tangles that lead to Alzeheimer’s
  • Treats cancer by suppressing tumors and preventing white blood cell depletion
  • Enhances endocrine function – regulates thyroid, testes and adrenal glands; treats hypothyroidism by stimulating thyroid
  • Treats hypo and hyper-immune function (eg auto-immune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Mild aphrodisiac that reduces premature ejaculation and increases sexual stamina
  • Sports aide – gives instant charge of energy without stimulants
Dangers Nightshade family plant; avoid in cases of hyperthyroidism; avoid during pregnancy (can induce abortion)

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress releif. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press

Balch, P.A. (2002). Prescription for herbal healing. New York, NY: Avery books

Mulabagal, V., Subbaraju, G. V., Rao, C. V., Sivaramakrishna, C., DeWitt, D. L., Holmes, D., Sung, B., Aggarwal, B. B., Tsay, H.-S. and Nair, M. G. (2009), Withanolide sulfoxide from Aswagandha roots inhibits nuclear transcription factor-kappa-B, cyclooxygenase and tumor cell proliferation. Phytother. Res., 23: 987–992. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2736

Ichikawa, H., Takada, Y., Shishodia, S., Jayaprakasam, B., Nair, M.G., Aggarwal, B.B. (2006). Withanolides potentiate apoptosis, inhibit invasion, and abolish osteoclastogenesis through suppression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and NF-κB–regulated gene expression. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, 5 (6), pp. 1434 to 1445. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-06-0096

vitamin B5 – pantothenic acid

Functions
  • Brain and nerve function: works with B1 and B2 to make acetylcholine
  • Works as component of coenzyme A in:
    • Utilization of fats and carbohydrates in energy production
    • Manufacture  of adrenal hormones and red blood cells
  • Adrenal function (“anti-stress” vitamin)
  • Cellular metabolism
  • Lowers blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Sources notes Best sources yeast, organ meats, mushrooms, nuts, seeds and grains
Vegetable Sources Mushrooms; broccoli; peppers / red chilli; avocados
Fruit Sources
Nut and seed sources peanuts; pecans; sunflower seeds; cashews; hazelnuts;
Absorption and function notes
Deficiency factors
  • Rarely happens
  • Deficiency may lead to fatigue, reduced red blood cell production and reduced steroid hormone production
Toxicity none

Adapted from:

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

Bland, J., Costarella, L., Levin, B., Liska, D., Lukaczer, D., Schlitz, B., Schmidt, M., Lerman, R., Quinn, S., Jones, D. (2004). Clinical Nutrition: A Functional Approach, Second Edition. Gig Harbor, WA: The Institute for Functional Medicine.