vitamin B5 – pantothenic acid

  • Brain and nerve function: works with B1 and B2 to make acetylcholine
  • Works as component of coenzyme A in:
    • Utilization of fats and carbohydrates in energy production
    • Manufacture  of adrenal hormones and red blood cells
  • Adrenal function (“anti-stress” vitamin)
  • Cellular metabolism
  • Lowers blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Sources notes Best sources yeast, organ meats, mushrooms, nuts, seeds and grains
Vegetable Sources Mushrooms; broccoli; peppers / red chilli; avocados
Fruit Sources
Nut and seed sources peanuts; pecans; sunflower seeds; cashews; hazelnuts;
Absorption and function notes
Deficiency factors
  • Rarely happens
  • Deficiency may lead to fatigue, reduced red blood cell production and reduced steroid hormone production
Toxicity none

Adapted from:

Murray, M. (2005). Encyclopedia of Healing Food. New York, N.Y.: Atria Books

Bland, J., Costarella, L., Levin, B., Liska, D., Lukaczer, D., Schlitz, B., Schmidt, M., Lerman, R., Quinn, S., Jones, D. (2004). Clinical Nutrition: A Functional Approach, Second Edition. Gig Harbor, WA: The Institute for Functional Medicine.

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