weight loss study

Research proposal to formulate a dietary and exercise program to address Diabetes type 2 and Alzheimer’s in adults aged 30 to 45 working in high stress office jobs

by Hugo Allen-Stevens Continue reading “weight loss study”


  • Reduces risk of heart disease, cancer, allergies and inflammation
  • Supports DNA repair
  • Component of anti-oxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase and works with Vit E in preventing free-radical damage to cell membranes
  • Metabolic support – needed by liver for conversion of thyroid hormone T4 to T3
Source and function notes
  • Soil quality and mineral content a greater issue for this mineral
  • Best sources from meats and seafood, wholegrains and eggs
Vegetable sources Red Swiss chard; turnips; garlic; Mushrooms; radishes, green beans; Onion; Carrots; Cabbage
Fruit sources Orange juice, Grape juice, Orange
Nut and seed sources Brazil nuts, Pecans, Hazelnuts, Almonds
Absorption factors
Spice and herb sources
Deficiency factors
  • Increase risk of
    • Cancer and Cardiovascular disease
    • Inflammatory diseases (e.g. asthma)
    • Conditions associated with increased free-radical damage: e.g. premature aging and cataract formation
Toxicity and dangers Can be toxic: excess selenium intake causes liver problems due to interference with sulfur enzyme activity and sulphur systems as well as impaired bone and tooth growth



  • Affects Limbic system: reward, pleasure, motivation
  • Protects against autoimmunity: works with immune system and thyroid in particular
  • Affects Thyroid and regulates heart rate and blood pressure
  • Affects adrenal function, kidneys and T-cells
  • Affects Brain Power, Motor co-ordination, Cognition and learning
  • Dopamine dampens glutamate activity leading to enhanced memory and learning
Food habits and Weight Management
  • Controls metabolism – when metabolism is low, fat burning is low and fat accumulation is increased; low metabolism also leads to unconscious attempts to increase energy via use of stimulants and high energy yielding foods
  • Controls motivation via limbic reward – low dopamine leads to loss of emotional or physical satiation and continued uncontrolled eating and food cravings in search of dopamine reward
  • Low dopamine leads to not feeling happy and not recognizing fullness / satiation with food; small snacks or meals not being sufficient and feelings of hunger after a meal
Hormonal interactions
  • Interacts with Growth Hormone, Testosterone, Cortisol and DHEA and Dopamine is involved in TSH release
  • Dopamine receptor sensitivity determined by Thyroid hormones which also determine dopamine levels (low TSH, T4, T3 leads to low dopamine)
  • Progesterone receptors modulated by Dopamine
  • Loss of power and symmetry impacts energy and drive, causing weight gain, fatigue and diminished libido
  • Depression and lack of motivation
  • Inability to experience pleasure, social anxiety and low sexual desire
  • Learning disorders, ADD, Addictions
  • Parkinson’s
  • Psychosis and schizophrenia
  • Mania, hypersocial and increased libido
Symptoms of deficiency
  • Feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness
  • Inability to handle stress, anger and aggression whilst under stress, easy loss of temper
  • Inability to finish tasks, disorganized and late for appointments
  • Lack of focus, easily distracted
  • Desire to isolate socially and lack of concern for family and friends
  • Need to consume caffeine to be alert
  • Low libido
Causes of deficiency
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Low stomach acid: leading to low methyl donors
  • Antacids (inhibit stomach HCL) , Oral contraceptives, Hormone Relacement Therapy
  • H. Pylori
  • Low protein in diet
Food modulators
  • Protein rich meals: Game meat, Beef, Pork, Turkey; Fish; Eggs, Cheese
  • Oats, Chocolate
Herb and supplement modulators
  • Mucuna pruriens (from a bean), Blueberry extract
  • Phenylethyamine (PEA), DL-Phenylanine, L-tyrosine
  • Vit B6, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Alpha Lipoic Acid

Adapted from:

Braverman, E. (2009). Younger (Thinner) You Diet. New York, N.Y.:Rodale.

Kharrazian, D. (2013). Why Isn’t My Brain Working? Carlsbad, C.A.: Elephant Press


Astragalus root

Part used Root
Use Simmer 2 tsp dried root in 12 oz water for 1/2 hour and steep 1/2 hour
  • Immuno-regulatory  – calming and stimulating effects on immune system
    • Enhances immune system and prevents viral, bacterial infection
    • Enhances resistance to colds – increases production of interferon, helps macrophages and immune cells become faster and more efficient
    • Helps body compensate for immune damage induced  by prescription medications
    • Prevents immuno-suppression in chemotherapy
  • Strengthens and heals lungs
  • Improves cardiac flow
  • Prevents kidney and liver damage (hepa-protective)
  • Strengthens digestion, increases metabolic activity
Dangers Do not take during acute infection or during cold or flu

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress releif. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press

Balch, P.A. (2002). Prescription for herbal healing. New York, NY: Avery books