american ginseng

panax

Part used Root
Use
  • Simmer 2 tsp dried root in 12 oz water for 1/2 hour and steep 1/2 hour
  • 2 x 500mg capsules 2 x per day
Benefits
  • Treats mild to moderate depletion of HPA axis (stress) and by consequence can help correct immune dysfunction
  • As immune amphoteric, helps balance deficient or excessive immune response in treating allergies
  • Corrects HPA axis and helps control Metabolic Syndrome
  • Mild sexual tonic
  • Enhances digestion and absorption of nutrients by stimulating production of stomach acid and digestive juices (by chewing a root)
Dangers Alters effects of Warfarin (Coumadin) in high doses

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress releif. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press

Studies:

Similar Postprandial Glycemic Reductions With Escalation of Dose and Administration Time of American Ginseng in Type 2 Diabetes by Yuksan et al.

Efficacy of COLD-fX in the Prevention of Respiratory Symptoms in Community-Dwelling Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo Controlled Trial by McElhaney et al.

 

asian ginseng – panax

panax ginseng

Part used Root
Use
  • 2 tsp dried root decoct for 1/2 hour, steep 1 hour
  • As powder, 2x 400 to 500mg  tablet 2x per day
  • As extract 1x 400 to 500 mg tablet 2x per day
Benefits
  • Most stimulating adaptogen – good for weak and exhausted people and for treating Chronic fatigue in part due to anti-oxidant effects
  • The major active ingredient ginsenosides in studies exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-apoptotic mechanisms and exert various effects involving stress and the immune system in the nervous system including the brain
  • Regulates HPA axis, adrenal glands, pancreas, circulation and immune system
  • As immune amphoteric, normalises immune response in allergies and auto-immune conditions and restores depleted immune resources in cancer and chronic fatigue immune deficiency syndrome
  • Treats and prevents atherosclerosis by reducing unhealthy blood lipids, enhances circulation and is anti-oxidant
  • Treats mild type 2 diabetes  by reducing blood glucose
  • Increases endurance potential and levels of anti-oxidant enzymes catalase and superoxide dismutase
  • Neuro-protective and effective in treating / preventing Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease and possibly also Huntingdon’s Disease and Multiple Sclerosis
Dangers
  • Type A personality or people with insomnia and hypertension – avoid large doses and avoid drinking coffee
  • Can easily cause overstimulation inducing anxiety in people with type A personality
  • Can worsen insomnia or hypertension in people with this condition
  • May increase effects of medications that lower blood sugar and MAOI anti-depressants

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress relief. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press

Studies:

Effects of Panax ginseng in Neurodegenerative Diseases by Ik-Hyun Cho

Implications of red Panax ginseng in oxidative stress associated chronic diseases by Lee et al.

Antifatigue Effects of Panax ginseng by Kim et al.

Effects of Panax ginseng extract on exercise-induced oxidative stress by Kim et al.

goji berries – lycium

Part used Fruit
Use Can be eaten like raisins
Benefits
  • Carotenoids and flavonoids stabilize capillaries in body, particularly the eyes
  • hepaprotective and a nutritive tonic for liver, kidneys and blood in Traditional Chinese Medicine
  • strengthens weak muscles and ligaments and improves male sexual performance
Dangers Nightshade family plant

Adapted from:

Winston, D. & Maimes, S. (2007). Adaptogens: Herbs for strength, stamina and stress releif. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press